What is hair transplant in Philadelphia
Among the many cosmetic surgeries, hair graft in Philadelphia distinguish itself as the procedure destined to treat hair loss. It is the extraction of hair follicles in a healthy zone that will be on constant growth, to an area in need that shows baldness or lack of density. Hair transplants hold an almost painless and efective way to treat baldness, and is also an latory process, it does not require hospitalization and it’s easy gor the patient to return to their day to day.
Hair graft is an ideal surgery for those people who suffer feom hair loss or those who do not have their desire hair density, which is usually presented in the head, but can also be needed in many other parts of the body, being done on the beard, eyelashes, eyebrows and body. Said hair loss can be caused by a scar made beforehand, or by the condition known as alopecia. Alopecia can come in many types, some being elegible for a hair transplant. Between these types we have the ones that depend on the cause, like:
- Androgenic alopecia: This is the most common kind of alopecia, representing most cases in both men and women younger than 30 and in older people. It is mainly due to the excess of male hormones called androgenic hormones, which promote hair loss. In men, who are it’s main victim, can be shown mayor loss in the frontal part of the hair, and a slow decay in the general density of the hair. Women can be affected by this type of alopecia too, usually showing less density, and losing hair first in the central part of the head and not in the hair inlets.
- Alopecia areata: Also being very commun, but not as much as the androgenic type, this kind of alopecia comes up mainly because of stress, affecting the hair follicles and making them fall and not grow back. It can also occur due to autoimmune diseases like lupus, type 1 diabetes and thyroids.
Besides these, we can also name other types of alopecia, like:
- Difuse alopecia: Under the name of telogenic effluvium, it distinguishes itself among the others by not having any specific pattern, as it only attacks the density of the hair and it’s health, in a way that the hair turns weak and thin, with no strength to hold, so it falls around the scalp withouth showing any patches, and once it falls it does not grow back.
- Scarring alopecia: The consequences of this type of alopecia are greater, and lore painful, as the scalp is replaced with scarring tissue, presenting inflammation, reddening and scaling.
- Alopecia by traction: It is cause not by genetics or the physical or mental state of the person, but the habits that they may have of using hairstyles with too much tension that pull at the hair for long periods of time, so the hair, when presented with this much tension, cannot resist and it escapes the scalp.
The types of alopecia can also be determined by the areas it affects, in example we have alopecia totalis, which only affects the head and it is the most known one; alopecia universalis, where the hair is lost in all the body and not just in a specific prt; and alopecia barbae, which is presented as bald patches or lack of hair in the beard.
In the United States, millions of people suffer from alopecia, 6.8 million of them having alopecia areata alone. The causes that may result in any of the types of alopecia named before, besides hormonal problems, stress or diseases, we can also name de excess of fat in the hair follicles, which helps with hair loss; there also exists poor nutrition, as the hair needs the required vitamins and proteins to stay healthy, and without them, the hair would turn weak and easily breakable. Alopecia can also appear due to the excessive use of hats and other accessories, by the hairstyles we named before, or the use of hair dyes and other harmful products for the hair. In the styling of the hair, there are more activities that can compromise it’s health, as administering excessive heat with the use of hair dryers and straighteners, as it can affect the hair’s health on the long run.
If a person wishes to prevent hair loss or hopes to stop the effects of baldness due to these reasons, they must need to consume the right meals, with enough proteins and vitamins like B3 and B12; reducing stress as much as possible, be it searching for professional helps or involving themselves in calming activities; and maintaining the correct care of the hair using only the product beneficial for it.
However, alopecia cannot always be prevented or completely stopped, specially if it surges by any of the reasons outside of the person’s control, be it because of genetics, diseases or treatments like quemotherapy or radiotherapy. When it appears, there are options as creams and lotions that stimulate hair growth, and if they don’t work the most trustworthy technique to get the desired resulta is hair grafts in Philadelphia.
What are the techniques of hair grafts in Philadelphia
As many different types of alopecia exist, with specific patterns and characteristics, and it’s appearance can be in varied parts of the body, not all the procedures when performing this surgery and alike. A hair transplant is a treatment of minimun invasion focused on the movimg of healthy hair follicles from the donor zone, to the receptor zone with affected hair follicles that do not promote hair growth. The techniques used for hair grafts are:
- FUT technique: Is the one that looks for the donation of follicular units by the extraction of a strand, usually extracted from the back part of the head which is, in the most cases, is the one that shows a state of contant growth. Firstly, the surgeon will create an incision and will proceed to extract the strand from the scalp, and after stitching the wound. Once separated, every one of the follicular units are divided, in a way that they can be inserte one by one in the desired places, and the result is a hair with an abundant look, with an almost invisible scar.
- FUE technique: With the name of Follicular Unit Extracting, the difference of it with the last one lays in the separation of said capillar units in the scalp, as they are taken one by one directly, and not on a strand to be divided later. The area must ne shaven before this, but a mayor incision is not necessary for the grafts made.
- DHI technique: Finally, there is the Direct Hair Implantation technique, where the follicles are also extracted one by one, and this time the surgeon uses a small tool known as the Implanter, with which they make these small incisions. This technique is considered more advanced as it possesses more control in the direction, angle and deepness of the grafts once places in the receptor zone. Besides, the follicular units last fewer time out of the scalp, which helps them maintain more strenght than those that lasg longer, and it is not necessary to shave the hair before extracting and planting them.
Every technique has it’s beneficts and flaws when selecting them, and die to this the surgeon will present the best option to the patient so they can obtain the best result depending on their specific needs.
Who can participate in hair graft in Philadelphia
Already stablishing that alopecia affects a large part of the population, both men and women a few requirements that possible patients have to meet must be stablished, being the ideal profile for the person that want to participate in a hair graft in Philadelphia. Because pf this, the patient must hace in mind the following points:
- The possible patient must have alopecia or a certain level of hair loss, in a way that areas that have to be treated exist.
- Said areas have to be exclusively treated by hair transplant, or be the best option the person has, as any other option have had to be discarted, like attacling the cause of said baldness. If the root of the afflition is not eliminated, it can make the hairloss continue even after the transplant. This can be diminishing stress, better nutrition or even try creams and lotions.
- It is beneficial for the patient to have and adequate age among the ideal range, which lays between 25 and 45 years old, as a younger person probably does not have a completely defined baldness, in a way that the transplant does not end the hair loss and this keeps falling even after the intervention; and for those older it may not be enough to recover the density or appearance that a younger person might have.
- The person must not suffer from any condition or disease like heart problems or diabetes, as this can put the person at risk during the procedure, causong conflicts with the administered anestesia, or the bleeding that can be produced with the technique that is used, even if the hair transplant does not result in big wounds and scars. Like this, it might affect the recovery from the surgery.
Due to all these reasons, the ideal profile of a persona apt for a hair graft surgery, is a man older that 25 who have alopecia or baldness which origins are hereditary or those that cannot be treated any other way, besided he must hace an optimal health with no heart problems and not be a smoker. In this way, the person is confirmed for a hair transplant and can become a patient in the preoperative stage..
Before a hair graft in Philadelphia
Once the patient has met with the surgeron to start to get ready for the hair grafts, the patient will be on the preoperative stare of the surgery, which is an important stage for the patient to keep an optimal state and guarantee a successful operation, which happens in any kind of surgical procedure. Not only the surgeon takes part in the procedure, but also tricologists, which are the experts on the scalp, dermatologists to examine the patient’s sking, and anesthesiologists to administer the local anestesia used before the incision or incisions. In the case of hair transplant, all the preoperative stage can last up to two weeks and can be done like this:
- A series of examinations will be done to show the patient’s and scalp’s health. Amog these we can find the tricoscopy, an essential part of the alopecia’s diagnosis, which is the analysis of the hair under a device that allows the person to obtain the necessary information on the state of the scalp. This does not need any kind of previous preparations, and is done “dry”, holding the device directly on the hair, or using a gel or special liquid to help with the analysis. Another way of analysing a possible patient’s hair is with a tricogram, where this time it will be necessary to take a sample, differently from a tricoscopy where there are no strands of hair extracted. With this strand, the specialist places ir under a microscope, paying attention to the shape and integrity of it. Sometime, it is only mecessary to cut the hair, while in others, where the root also has to be examined, the strand must be removed carefully by pulling it. Besides these, the surgeon may also request a blood analysis that controls the levels of glucose, sodium and potasium, hepatitis and AIDS tests and the general bleeding that can be produced during the surgery; and the clinical history of the patient.
- The patient must suspend medicines they might be consuming as treatments, mainly Minoxidil.and other anticoagulants, antiinflammatory drugs or suplements, as all of these can affects the blood circulation, dilute it or stop the pass of nutrents t the scalp, and this can provoque excessive bleeding during the operation. Like this, they must top consuming alcoholic beverages and smoking habits at leats a day before the intervention. It is also advisable to not cut their hair in any way before the surgery.
- The day of the procedure, the last steps pf the preoperative stage will be the use of the extracted blood of the patient, which went through a spin process to separte the rich plasma in platelets, and inject them in the scalp, which will allow the new hairs to correctly adap to their new positions. The next step will be to mark the desired shape of the hair, specially along the hair linlets, and select the donor and receptor one. Lastly, the anestesia will be placed in the areas involved, being the local type, as the patient will remain awake during the procedure. In a few cases a general anestesia is used, being in times when the patient is nervous and can compromise the treatment.
After hair grafts in Philadelphia
As it is known already, hair graft surgery is an outpatient operation where the patient will not recieve hospitalization and will be able to return home the same day of the surgery. With this, the postoperative procedure begins, which is an important part that will determine the result with the hair grafts in Philadelphia. It is important that the person follow the recomendations to take care of their health amd the state of the area treated. The evolution of the postoperative can be done like this:
- First days: The scalp or any area treated will be inflammed and can show a few inconveniences. The patient must avoid touching it or brushing it with any object, and they must kee their head elevated, specially when they sleep, so the anestesia can be effective during the first night. In the second or third day the patient must return for a revision, where the bandages placed after the intervention will be removed, and they will wash the patient’s hair for the first time.
- First weeks: Scans might appear in the area due to the incisions, which will last for a couple of weeks before falling by their own, which does not involve any major worry; they might also feel an itch in the scalp. From the first weeks, the patient will be able to return to their usual activities like working and return to their daily rutine.
- First months: At this point, the hair will begin to grow naturally, increasing the density of the hair little by little. However, it is not until the fourth month when the hairs will begin to grow stronger and more resistent, like the definive ones.
As time passes the patient will be able to recover the right to cut their hair, to consume alcohol and medicines like the ones mentioned before. Like this, there’s only left the wait until the results from the hair graft in Philadelphia show.
When do the results show for a hair graft in Philadelphia
Just as seen in the postoperative, the hair graft results are not immediate, and are also not fast to get. First, the hair must go through the growth and fall stages until they reach the density and thickness desired, and this time the hair will be stronger and not as suscetible to falling. This way, the patient will hace to wait at least a year before the definitive results appear.
Besides the wait, the hair transplant in Philadelphia is a surgery that provides efective and natural results in the scalp or any area that is to be treated. Because of this, it works as the ideal solution for alopecia and baldness in general.
Risks of hair grafts in Philadelphia
Even if many other cosmetic surgeries involve major risks than a hair graft, the few complications that might arise in this type of procedure should not be ignored, even if the gravity of them are not as worrisome. Among the possible risks are:
- Bad scarring: Scarring is an important process when healing the incisions made when extracting the donor zone. In some cases this can get inflammed more than it should and, even if it is not a big cut, it can be more visible than the patient can wish. Being more common in patients who are smokers, it is the reason why they must leave the habit before the operation if they do not want to deal with a situation like this.
- Infections: If the person does not maintain proper hygiene, it is possible that the zone where the incision was made gets infected, turning the postoperative into a more delicate process. Any surgery where precise cuts must be made have a slight chance of it happening.
- Loss of sensitivity: As in a hair graft operation the nerves are involved besides the scalp on it’s own, the scarring area might observe a loss of sensitivity, many times temporary and revovered after a few weeks, but in some cases it can be permanent, even when the chance of it happening is low.
- Facial edema: When bleeding is involved in a surgery, the surgey may inject more blood or the liquid called physiological serum for it not to be on a bigger scale. Said serum may produce swelling on the face, which is also temporary, and the times it happens represents a very small part of cases.
Important point about hair grafts in Philadelphia
- In some cases, the alopecia can result in total baldness, which makes it impossible to find a donor zone in it. If this is the case, it is possible to use as a donor zone another part of the body with active hair follicles, including the pubic zone.
- The type of hair has a lot of influence during and after the operation. In the DHI technique, curly hair may be harder to insert and design than straight hair. However, curly hair, specially if it is dark and thick, shows better density and a better result than it’s counterpart.
- It does not exist any posibility for the hair to fall again after participating in a hair graft in Philadelphia. This is due to the hair follicles being replaced, and the once placed above it will grow permanently and will be more resistant to the hormones that promote it’s falls.